By Shri Singh
Liquid crystals are partly ordered platforms and not using a inflexible, long-range constitution. The learn of those fabrics covers a large zone: chemical constitution, actual houses and technical functions. as a result of their twin nature - anisotropic actual homes of solids and rheological behaviour of beverages - and simple reaction to externally utilized electrical, magnetic, optical and floor fields, liquid crystals are of maximum strength for clinical and technological functions. the topic has come of age and has accomplished the prestige of being a truly intriguing interdisciplinary box of medical and business examine. this article is an outgrowth of the large advances made over the last 3 many years in either our realizing of liquid crystals and our skill to take advantage of them in purposes. It offers a scientific, self-contained evaluation of the constitution and homes of liquid crystals. it's going to be of curiosity to graduates and study staff in condensed subject physics, chemical physics, biology, fabrics technological know-how, chemical and electric engineering, and expertise from a fabrics technological know-how and physics standpoint of liquid crystals.
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