This essay offers with a classical subject matter in historic historical past: the relationships among Rome and the Parthian and Sasanian worlds. what's unique is the point of view from which those relationships are investigated, i.e. ranging from the research of titles it sounds as if utilized in a non-fitting context on either side of the border. a really Roman inspiration, the consularitas, Greek hypateia, is analysed at the one hand in its particular attribution to the Edessean sovereigns, nonetheless in its implicit attribution to the kings of Armenia and afterwards to the 'Chiefs' of Palmyra. The very Iranian identify of 'King of Kings' can also be investigated the following as unsuitably attributed to Odainath of Palmyra and his son Vaballath, including an research of the very Iranian identify argabetes of crucial Palmyrenean guy, Vorod. This essay is done through a documentary replace on one other Iranian identify, pasgriba, 'heir to the throne, crownprince', attested within the royal households of Edessa and Hatra, whose which means has been deeply investigated in different places. The above pointed out matters obviously express how tight the bonds linking the 2 aspects of the river Euphrates was once, bonds that aren't in simple terms cultural in a basic manner, yet extra concretely additionally institutional and political.
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